Thyme essential oil (Thymus Vulgaris Oil) is obtained through the method of steam distillation of the above-ground flowering part of the common or thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.), the family Laminaceae or Labiatae.
Distribution of the plant
The native land of thyme is Spain and other Mediterranean countries. Now it grows in Algeria, Central Europe, China, Israel, Russia, Turkey, Tunisia, USA.
Thyme oil properties
Crude oil is a dark red, red-brown or orange easily flowing liquid with a strong spicy aromatic odor. As a result of repeated vacuum distillation (distillation), a “white” oil is obtained which, when stored, can again acquire color, especially in the presence of traces of iron.
The main components of the thyme oil
Timol (up to 60%), carvacrol (2-10%), β-karyophyllene (2-10%), γ-terpene (up to 12%), para-cymol (up to 20%), para- cymene, octenol-3 , 1,8-cineole, linalool, cis-sabinene hydrate, camphor, borneol, isoborneol, terpinene-4-ol, α- and γ-terpineol, α- and β-pinene, camphene, myrcene, α-flalandrene, Δ3-carene , limonene, terpinolene, gumulene, caryophyllene oxide.
Thyme oil uses
Bactericidal, fungicidal, antiviral, antiviral, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, hypertensive (increases blood pressure), cardiotonic, general stimulating, tonic, sedative, wound healing, expectorant, antispasmodic, analgesic, decongestant, diuretic, carminative, antihelminthic, insecticidal, deodorant.
The thyme essential oil has strong antiseptic properties, which is determined by the presence in it of thymol, the “phenolic coefficient” of which is 25.
The most remarkable healing quality of thyme oil is its healing (anti-inflammatory, warming, expectorant and softening) effect on respiratory organs. It is an effective remedy for bronchitis, cough, laryngitis, sinusitis, sore throat, colds, flu, tonsillitis, rhinopharyngitis, tuberculosis.
A powerful immunomodulator that promotes adequate production of leuko- and lymphocytes and increases their activity in infectious diseases, which helps the body cope with the disease.
Due to diuretic and antiseptic properties, thyme essential oil is an effective remedy for infections of the genitourinary system. It effectively removes inflammation of the bladder and ureters, as well as the cervix (cervicitis) and the fallopian tubes (salpingitis). This is one of the few effective oils against chlamydia.
The thyme oil increases sexual activity and is a sexual stimulant (aphrodisiac). In men it prevents premature ejaculation.
In women, normalizes the menstrual cycle and the volume of menstrual flow (effective with menstrual bleeding), provokes the onset of menstruation with a slight delay. Eliminates premenstrual syndrome.
It is believed that oil helps with childbirth: accelerates the appearance of the fetus and the release of the afterbirth. Has a disinfectant effect, in particular with miscarriage. Some doctors believe that oil has abortive effect in the early stages of pregnancy.
Thyme oil removes uric acid from the body, eliminates edema, helps with excess weight, favorably affects the condition of patients with rheumatism, arthritis, gout, myositis, neuritis, sciatica, sports injuries.
It potentiates the enzymatic activity of the gastrointestinal tract, improves appetite, normalizes the digestive processes, eliminates dyspepsia and flatulence, and relieves intestinal spasms.
Well disinfects the gastrointestinal tract. Due to its antimicrobial properties, the use of oil is especially effective in gastroenteritis caused by foodborne toxic infections. It has an effect of gliston. Helps with headaches arising from digestive problems. A good tool for oral care.
Effective with stomatitis, glossitis, inflammation and bleeding gums.
Has cardiotonic action, activates blood circulation, strengthens capillary blood flow, raises blood pressure. Can stop nosebleeds.
Tones the nervous system, stimulates the brain. Relieves fatigue, improves memory and concentration, eliminates absent-mindedness, forgetfulness, clumsiness and anxiety. It raises mood, intensifies the thirst for activity and helps to cope with depression. It is believed that the oil is able to derive from the emotional stupor and heal the wounds of the soul. It quenches with nervous overexcitation or due to hypothermia.
Normalizes sleep. It is recommended to people weakened, sluggish. It is a tool that helps get rid of drug and alcohol addiction.
Being the strongest antiseptic, oil promotes healing of wounds, ulcers, cuts, burns, carbuncles, boils and other purulent skin lesions. It eliminates infiltrates, blisters, burning, pain, redness, swelling and itching of the skin. Gives a positive effect when wet eczema, psoriasis and other dermatitis.
Regulates the work of the sebaceous glands, helps with acne. The oil has antioxidant properties. It is recommended for sluggish oily skin, as well as as a means to combat cellulite.
The brightest medical-cosmetic quality of thyme oil is its antiparasitic properties, due to which it is effective in pediculosis and scabies. A powerful antidote to insect bites – eliminates burning, pain, redness.
Thyme oil is a good tonic for the scalp, which helps to get rid of dandruff, stops hair loss, restores the life of weakened, damaged hair, which were subjected to intensive effects of chemicals in the process of dyeing and waving.
Thyme oil benefits
Cough, bronchitis, upper respiratory catarrh, acute lingering pneumonia, rhinitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, sinusitis, cold, flu, tuberculosis.
Arthritis, gout, rheumatism, edema, myositis, neuritis, sciatica, sports injuries. Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system (cystitis, urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis). Premenstrual syndrome, poor menstruation, delay in menstruation. Premature ejaculation.
Dyspepsia, flatulence, intestinal spasms, gastroenteritis, intestinal toxic infections, inflammation and bleeding gums, stomatitis, glossitis.
Fatigue, asthenia, insomnia, depression, anxiety, insomnia, neurasthenia, headache, memory impairment, drug and alcohol dependence.
Cholelithiasis. Low blood pressure. Cellulite. Overweight. Pediculez, scabies. Dermatoses, furuncles, carbuncles, acne, acne, eczema, psoriasis cuts, ulcers, burns, infiltrates, blisters, swelling, skin itching, insect bites, hair loss, dandruff.
Thyme oil recipes
- For inhalations – 1-2 drops of thyme oil, the duration of the procedure is 3-7 minutes.
In the bath add 3 – 5 drops of essential oil, pre-mixed with an emulsifier (1 / 4-1 / 3 cup of milk, whey, sea salt or kitchen salt solution).
- For massage – 3 drops per 10 ml of base vegetable oil.
- For grits – 5 – 7 drops per 10 ml of base oil.
- For compresses – 2-3 drops per 1 glass of water.
- In the aroma lamp – 3-5 drops 15 m2.
- In the aroma: 2-3 drops.
- For the enrichment of creams and tonics – 3 drops per 5 ml of the base.
- For lubrication of areas affected by scabies – 5 drops of oil per 10 ml of fatty vegetable oil.
- At pediculosis: to lubricate the comb and comb the hair – 1 part of thyme oil in 7 parts of fatty vegetable (preferably peach, almond or jojoba); for washing the head – 5 – 7 drops per 20 ml of shampoo.
Thyme oil is widely used in the food industry: it is a part of many spicy aromatic food families (especially when making meat products), as well as alcoholic and nonalcoholic beverages.
Can be used in perfume compositions for colognes, toilet water, lotions and deodorants, as well as in soaps for toilet soap. A component of mouthwashes and toothpaste.
Serves as a source of thymol, which is necessary for the pharmaceutical industry. Grass is used as a spice, and in medicine as a disinfectant
Thyme oil blends well with following oils
Thyme oils blends with oils of bergamot, ginger, cedar, cypress, lavender, lemongrass, lemon, marjoram, mandarin, lemon balm, juniper, mint, naioli, petitgrane, rosemary, chamomile, pine, tea tree, citronella, eucalyptus.
Complementary oil is ginger.
Side effects of thyme oil
Has a strong effect. It is one of the most powerful antiseptics, however, with prolonged use or excess dosages can be toxic, due to the large number of thymol and carvacrol in it.
Do not use in pregnancy, epilepsy, cardiac decompensation, hypertension of high degrees. Use with caution in gastric ulcer, liver and kidney diseases. Since oil can cause allergic reactions, the aroma should be tested for individual tolerability.
The oil can be irritating to mucous membranes and skin. To avoid chemical burns, do not apply on undiluted skin. Avoid using on sensitive skin. Do not apply on the skin less than 60 minutes before sunbathing (photosensitivity possible).
Essential oils are stored in tightly sealed vials of dark glass at room temperature in a place inaccessible to children. Avoid direct sunlight.