Fennel essential oil (Foennicilum Vulgare) is obtained through steam distillation of crushed fruits (seeds) of fennel (Foennicilum vulgare Mill.), family of celery (Apiaceae) or umbelliferous (Umbelliferae).
Origin and spread of the plant
It comes from the Mediterranean and West Asia. In the wild, it grows in Southern Europe, Central Asia, the Crimea, the Caucasus and North Africa.
It has taken root in many non-tropical zones and is now cultivated around the world: in Northern Europe, the Mediterranean, North and South America, China, East India. In large quantities, it is cultivated in France, Italy, Poland, Japan, Argentina. As an industrial culture, fennel is cultivated in Ukraine and in Moldova.
Fennel essential oil properties
At room temperature, the oil is a colorless or slightly colored light yellow, easily flowing liquid with a sweet bitter taste and a peculiar sweet-camphor smell, similar to the anise smell with the overtone of pepper. When cooling the oil, a crystalline anethole is released. The oil freezes at + 3C, + 6C.
The main components of the fennel oil
The main components of Fennel Essential Oil are methyl esters anethole – (cis-anethole – up to 1.7%, trans-anethole – 50-90%) and methylhavicol (3-15%), fenghon ketone (2-22%) and monoterpene hydrocarbons – Limonene (1.4-17%), cis-β-ocimene (12%), γ-terpinene (10.5%), α-pinene (1.4-10%), α-terpinolene (up to 3.3 %), α-fellandren (0.2-4%), β-myrcene (0.5-3%), β-fellandren (0.4-2.6%), sabinene (2%), β-pinene (0.3-1%), α-thujene (0.2%), camphene (0.2%), α-terpinene (0.5-1%). In addition, the oil contains alcohol fiberhol (3-4%), oxide 1.8 cineole (1-6%), as well as para-cymene (0.4-4.7%), bergapten, umbelliferon. Due to oxidation of anethole in oil, anisic aldehyde (0.5-2%) is present.
Fennel essential oil uses
Antiseptic, bactericidal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, carminative, diuretic, diaphoretic, expectorant, antioxidant, antispasmodic, sedative, detoxifying, insecticidal, general stimulating, tonic.
Normalizes the digestive tract, increases the functional activity of the stomach, eliminates the enzymatic deficiency, helps to quickly digest and utilize fatty foods. Promotes the cleaning of the intestines, strengthening peristalsis and providing a mild laxative effect. Cuts colic.
Prevents heartburn. Helps with flatulence, hiccough, nausea, vomiting and other problems of the digestive system. Has a corrective effect on the appetite (can both suppress and cause it). Eliminates bleeding and inflammation of the gums. In western and eastern medicine it is recommended as a curative remedy for diseases of the liver, spleen and gall bladder.
It is a mild diuretic and decongestant. Perfectly cleanses the body. Neutralizes and removes endo- and exotoxins from the body. Neutralizes the poisons of insects and snakes. A perfect remedy for a hangover: removes toxins resulting from both alcohol abuse and overeating.
Has a hepatoprotective effect with toxic loads on the liver. Cleansing properties of fennel are useful for the prevention and treatment of arthritis and rheumatism. Clears the lymphatic system.
Promotes the dissolution and excretion of stones from the kidneys. Anti-inflammatory properties of the oil are useful in cystitis, urethritis and other genito-urinary infections.
Has an estrogen-like effect. Due to this, it normalizes the menstrual cycle, eliminates delays in menstruation, relieves premenstrual tension, and also increases sexual desire. Can help in the period of menopause in solving problems associated with fluctuations in the level of hormones in the body.
One of the remarkable properties of Fennel Essential Oil is its ability to stimulate lactation with a lack of milk in nursing mothers, which provides an easy start to the baby’s feeding and prevents the formation of stagnant and inflammatory processes in the mammary gland.
Optimizes blood circulation, improves coronary blood flow, improves cardiac conduction, softens blood pressure, eliminates arrhythmia, reduces the frequency and strength of hypertensive reactions.
It is believed that fennel increases strength and prolongs life. It is an active antioxidant. Optimizes metabolism.
Fennel Essential Oil (Foennicilum Vulgare) is a strong antiseptic: its “phenolic coefficient” is 13. This means that it has a bactericidal effect 13 times greater than phenol. It also has a high anticancer activity (active dose – 100 μg / ml). When sanitizing premises reduces the content of fungi in the atmosphere 4-5 times.
Possessing spasmolytic and expectorant properties, fennel oil facilitates the condition in diseases of the upper respiratory tract (colds, bronchitis, whooping cough, problems with breathing on nervous soil).
Has a sedative effect, reduces stressful reactions, relieves nervous tension, nervousness and anxiety, stabilizes the emotional background and restores emotional balance, prevents the appearance of oppressive feelings of loneliness and spiritual disappointment.
Eliminates obsessive fears (fear of darkness, height, open space, etc.), creates a sense of security, stability, confidence and inner freedom. It is believed that oil gives strength and courage in difficult situations. At the same time, it enlivens mental activity, stimulates memory, promotes verbal self-expression. At the same time, it can be well combined with lavender, geranium, orange, pink, santalic essential oils.
Clears, tones up, renews the skin, gives it a homogeneous color. Restores the water balance of dry and dehydrated skin. Eliminates flabbiness and lethargy of the skin, smooths wrinkles, removes swelling in the eye area. The oil increases the elasticity of the epidermis and connective tissue.
Promotes increased elasticity of the chest, abdomen, thighs, “outlines” the contours of the face and body and is an acknowledged means for “silhouette-massage” and “contour plastics.” Low concentrations of Fennel Essential Oil in massage mixtures help build muscle mass and increase bust by improving their trophism.
The use of higher concentrations of oil in massage mixtures helps to reduce the accumulation of fat in tissues and weight loss. It is traditionally used for the treatment of obesity and cellulite. Fenchel oil effectively removes acne and is an excellent tool for skin care for adolescents with juvenile acne. Helps with calluses.
Fennel oil benefits
Chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchiectatic disease, pharyngitis. Angina pectoris, cardioneurosis, vegetovascular dystonia. Urolithiasis, urinary tract infection (cystitis, urethritis).
Gout, rheumatism, swelling. Hepatitis, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, enterocolitis, intestinal colic, accompanied by chronic constipation of intestinal atony, heartburn, hiccups, nausea, aerophagia, flatulence, bleeding gums, dysbiosis.
Obesity, cellulite. Violation of the menstrual cycle, poor menstruation, premenstrual syndrome, insufficient milk from nursing mothers. Toxic load (alcohol, smoking, poisoning, insect bites).
Nervous tension, stress, obsessive fears. Skin flabbiness, oily porous skin, acne, decreased elasticity of the bust, abdomen and thighs. Valued as a means of preventing the appearance of wrinkles, used to care for the skin of the neck and face.
Fennel oil recipes
- In the aroma lamp – 2-5 drops per 15 m2.
- In the bath – 6-10 drops of emulsified essential oil beforehand (mixed with a small amount of a solution of honey, sea salt, milk or cream). The bath has a tonic effect on the nervous system.
- For massage – 5-10 drops per 20 ml of fat basis. Massage is especially indicated for flatulence in children, spasm of the peritoneum, respiratory diseases.
- For a silhouette massage, 7-10 drops of essential oil for 50 ml of basic vegetable oil are taken to build up the muscles.
- For a silhouette massage with the aim of losing weight on 50 ml of fat basis take 20-25 drops of essential oil.
- For the inhalation, 8-10 drops of essential oil are added to the inhaler or a container of hot water and inhaled for 10-15 minutes.
- For oil compresses impregnate the folded in 3 layers of gauze with a mixture of fennel essential oil with a base vegetable oil in a ratio of 1: 1 and put on the chest for 6-8 hours.
- For a warm moist compress – 5 drops of essential oil for 20-25 ml of warm water. Compress is used to improve liver function and for boils.
- For rinses – 5 drops of fennel oil per 1/2 cup of warm water.
- For applications on the gums – 3-5 drops of essential oil for 7-10 drops of basic vegetable oil. The duration of the procedure is 25-30 minutes, the course is 10-12 sessions.
- For the enrichment of creams and lotions – 5-7 drops per 10 ml of the base. Cosmetic products enriched with essential oil of fennel and vegetable fatty oils are used as a moisturizing agent for the face and body, and also as a means of improving muscle trophism.
Fennel essential oil is widely used in the food industry as a component of food essences. Particularly actively used as a food flavor in the production of alcoholic beverages – brandy and liqueurs. Like aniseed oil, it is often introduced into the “anise” vodka, popular in Southern Europe. Also used for flavoring culinary products, sweets, pastilles.
As a component of perfume is used in the manufacture of household products and, rarely, perfume compositions. The greatest use of oil is in the preparation of toilet soap, dental rinses and pastes.
In the pharmaceutical industry and medicine is used as a component of expectorants and laxatives, as well as as a flavoring drug.
It is possible to use anethole for isolation.
Fennel oil blends well with following oils
Fennel oil blends with oils of orange, basil, bihardia, geranium (pelargonium), grapefruit, spruce, ylang-ylang, cypress, lavender, lemongrass, lemon, lemon balm, juniper, nutmeg, mint, rosemary, rose, santalum, sage medicinal, sage nutmeg.
Complementary oil is lemon balm.
Side effects of fennel oil
Strong oil, in high dosages is toxic. Large dosages of essential oil (1-5 ml at a time) can cause seizures, epileptiform seizures, difficulty breathing, pulmonary edema. Do not use oil for epilepsy, pregnancy, breastfeeding, children under 2 years old.
Children from 2 to 6 years to use no more than 1 drop per procedure. Because of the high content of anethole, it is recommended to avoid the use of fennel essential oil for alcoholism, liver problems and paracetamol. May cause skin irritation and sensitization.
You should check the fragrance for individual tolerance. Do not apply simultaneously with chemotherapy for tumor diseases.
Essential oils are stored in tightly sealed vials of dark glass at room temperature in a place inaccessible to children. Avoid direct sunlight. Shelf life: with the tightness of the packaging – more than 5 years.