Aromatherapy Health Benefits has been known to mankind for more than five thousand years. In ancient Indian, Egyptian, Babylonian civilizations, preparations based on aromatic essential oils were actively used in religious rituals, cosmetology and medical practice. Tiny vessels with a narrow neck, for slower evaporation of aromatic mixtures – etheronos, were an indispensable attribute of the halls of kings and sacred temples.
Ancient Hindus, Chinese, Greeks, Egyptians and Romans used them in perfumery and cosmetics. Aromatic oils, as well as essential oils, were widely used for ritual, spiritual, curative and hygienic purposes.
Actually, the concept of aromatherapy was first discussed among a small number of European doctors and scientists, around 1907. The word “aromatherapy” first appeared in print in 1937, in the book “Aromatherapy: Essential Oils.” French surgeon Jean Valne, considered one of the first experts to apply essential oils in medicine, as antiseptics in the treatment of wounded soldiers during the Second World War.
Materials for aromatherapy
Some of the materials used include:
1. Essential oils: fragrant oils extracted from plants, mainly by steam distillation (for example, eucalyptus oil) or cold pressed. However, the term “essential oils” is sometimes used to describe fragrant oils extracted from plant material by solvent extraction.
2. Absolutes: aromatic oils obtained mainly from thin plant tissues or flowers through a solvent.
3. Base oils: they are also called oil-base, used for the preparation of cosmetic products and massage mixtures. As a rule, it is proportionally diluted with other oils essential oils for contact use (for example, directly on the skin).
4. Water distillate: as a rule, it is herbal or floral water (for example, orange or rose water). As raw materials, flowers, leaves, fruits, roots, bark, branches, trunks and resins are used.
5. Infusions: water extracts obtained from various plant materials (for example, infusion of rose petals or infusion of chamomile).
6. Phytoncides: biologically active substances formed by plants, whose action is directed to suppress growth or complete suppression of microscopic fungi, bacteria and protozoa. Essential oils are representatives of phytoncides.
7. Inhalations: plant materials that are dried, ground and heated to extract aromatic vapors by direct inhalation.
What happens during the aromatherapy session?
Professional aromatherapists, nurses, physiotherapists, pharmacists and masseurs can offer local or inhalation aromatherapy treatment. Only specially trained professionals can provide the right treatment, which includes the intake of essential oils inside.
In a traditional session, a practicing aromatherapist should learn about your medical history and the attendant symptoms. Also you may be interested in the preferences for this or that flavor.
1. Pregnant women, allergic people, people with severe asthma, people after chemotherapy, can use essential oils only under the guidance of a qualified specialist and with the consent of their doctor in charge.
2. People with high blood pressure should avoid such flavors as: rosemary, spike and lavender.
3. Never take essential oils inside. Some oils are toxic and their intake can be fatal.
4. In rare cases, aromatherapy can cause side effects, such as asthma, rash, headache, nervous system disorders.
5. Oils with a high content of phenols, such as cinnamon, can cause skin irritation. Avoid using oil near eyes.
6. Essential oils have high volatility and are easily ignited, therefore, they should never be near an open fire.
7. Do not apply concentrated essential oil directly to the skin.
8. Before using the oils, read all warnings and precautions written on the inserts and labels.
9. Use only specified amounts of oil, abuse can lead to headaches and / or cause nausea.
10. Some oils are not compatible with certain medicines or alcohol.
Oil Name List
|Common Oil Name||Cosmetic INCI Name||Latin Name|
|Apricot Kernel Oil||Prunus Armeniaca Kernel Oil||Prunus Armeniaca|
|Argan Oil||Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil||Argania Spinosa|
|Avocado Oil||Persea Gratissima Oil||Persea Americana|
|Bergamot Oil||Citrus Aurantium Bergamia Fruit Oil||Citrus Bergamia|
|Black Cumin Seed Oil||Nigella Sativa Seed Oil||Nigella Sativa|
|Calendula Oil||Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract||Calendula Officinalis|
|Castor Oil||Ricinus Communis Seed Oil||Ricinus Communis|
|Cedarwood Oil||Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil||Cedrus Atlantica|
|Cinnamon Leaf Oil||Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Leaf Oil||Cinnamomum Zeylanicum|
|Citronella Oil||Cymbopogon Nardus Oil||Cymbopogon Winterianus|
|Clove Oil||Eugenia Caryophyllus Flower Oil||Syzygium Aromaticum|
|Coconut Oil||Cocos Nucifera Oil||Cocos Nucifera|
|Cypress Oil||Cupressus Sempervirens Leaf Oil||Cupressus Sempervirens|
|Eucalyptus Oil||Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Oil||Eucalyptus Globulus|
|Evening Primrose Oil||Oenothera Biennis Oil||Oenothera Biennis|
|Fir Needle Oil||Abies Sibirica Needle Oil||Abies Alba|
|Frankincense Oil||Boswellia Carterii Oil||Boswellia Carterii|
|Grape Seed Oil||Vitis Vinifera Seed Oil||Vitis Vinifera|
|Hemp Oil||Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil||Cannabis Sativa|
|Jojoba Oil||Simmondsia Chinensis Seed Oil||Simmondsia Chinensis|
|Juniper Berry Oil||Juniperus Communis Fruit Oil||Juniperus Communis|
|Lavender Oil||Lavandula Angustifolia Oil||Oleum Lavandulae|
|Lemon Oil||Citrus Limon Fruit Oil||Citrus Limon|
|Lemongrass Oil||Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Oil||Cymbopogon Flexuosus|
|Lime Oil||Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Oil||Citrus Aurantifolia|
|Macadamia Oil||Macadamia Integrifolia Seed Oil||Macadamia Integrifolia|
|Mandarin Oil||Citrus Nobilis Peel Oil||Citrus Reticulata|
|Melissa Oil||Melissa Officinalis Flower Oil||Melissa indicum|
|Monoi Oil||Gardenia Tahitensis Flower Extract||Gardenia Taitensis|
|Myrtle Oil||Myrtus Communis Oil||Myrtus Communis|
|Olive Oil||Olea Europaea Fruit Oil||Olea Europaea|
|Patchouli Oil||Pogostemon Cablin Oil||Pogostemon Cablin|
|Peach Oil||Prunus Persica Kernel Oil||Prunus Persica|
|Peppermint Oil||Mentha Peperita Oil||Oleum Menthae Piperitae|
|Pink Grapefruit Oil||Citrus Paradisi Peel Oil||Oleum Citrus Paradisi|
|Rosa Damascena Oil||Rosa Damascena Flower Oil||Rose Damascena|
|Rose Geranium Oil||Pelargonium Roseum Leaf Oil||Pelargonium Graveolens|
|Rosehip Oil||Rosa Canina Fruit Oil||Rosa Rubiginosa|
|Rosemary Oil||Rosmarinus Officinalis Leaf Oil||Rosmarinus Officinalis|
|Rosewood Oil||Aniba Rosaeodora Wood Oil||Aniba Rosaeodora|
|Scotch Pine Oil||Pinus Sylvestris Leaf Oil||Pinus Sylvestris|
|Sea Buckthorn Fruit Oil||Hippophae Rhamnoides Oil||Hippophae Rhamnoides|
|Sesame Seed Oil||Sesamum Indicum Seed Oil||Sesamum Indicum|
|Shea Butter||Butyrospermum Parkii Butter||Vitellaria Paradoxa|
|Sweet Almond||Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis Oil||Prunus Dulcis|
|Sweet Orange Oil||Citrus Sinensis Peel Oil Expressed||Citrus Sinensis|
|Tea Tree Oil||Melaleuca Alternifolia Leaf Oil||Melaleuca Alternifolia|
|Walnut Oil||Juglans Regia Seed Oil||Juglans Regia|
|Wheatgerm Oil||Triticum Vulgare Germ Oil||Triticum Sativum|
|Ylang Ylang Oil||Cananga Odorata Flower Oil||Cananga Odorata|
The most popular essential oils
Each essential oil has its therapeutic effect. For example, lavender is used to relieve stress, and peppermint is a natural energy enhancer.
A large number of essential oils are now available, but it is sometimes difficult to know which oil is best suited to your specific needs. Below is a list of the most common essential oils and a brief description of each of them.
Bergamot (Citrus Beragamia) – a citrus smell of essential oil. This is a popular oil, the aroma of which is widely used in the manufacture of perfumes and colognes.
Use in aromatherapy: bergamot oil is used to treat stress, depression, anxiety and general malaise. Bergamot can be used as incense or in an evaporator, when taking a bath or with massage oils.
Attention: when applying oil to the skin, in its pure form, there may be a burn, especially in sunlight.
Cedar (Juniperus Virginiana) – a woody-fragrant aroma of essential oil.
Application in aromatherapy: cedar oil is often used as a sedative to help relieve stress and anxiety. It is also used for inhalation, with massage oils, as a component of a face cream.
Caution: In concentrated condition, when applying oil to the skin, it can cause irritation. Do not use during pregnancy.
Camomile is widely known for its soothing characteristic (in particular in the form of tea). Essential oil is extracted from the leaves of flowering plants.
Use in aromatherapy: in a mixture with massage oils, lotions and creams, for inhalations.
Caution: do not use during pregnancy and allergy to chamomile.
Eucalyptus oil has a powerful aroma and is easily recognizable.
Application in aromatherapy: essential oil of eucalyptus is a powerful stimulant, used to combat migraine, added to the water when taking a bath for relaxation, helps to relieve muscle pain.
Attention: pregnant and breastfeeding women, as well as people suffering from epilepsy, should avoid using eucalyptus oil.
Jasminum Grandiflorum is one of the most expensive essential oils.
Use in aromatherapy: oil has powerful healing properties. Aromatherapists are used to combat depression, to reduce stress and stress, for relaxation, an additional means to increase libido. Used in a number of drops, when taking a bath or in an evaporator, or in combination with your favorite massage oil.
Attention: in general, jasmine oil is a fairly safe essential oil, since it is non-toxic. However, in rare cases, it can cause an allergic reaction. Pregnant women should avoid using jasmine oil.
Lavender oil is one of the most popular oils on the market.
Application in aromatherapy: essential oil of lavender is effective for relieving stress and tension, soothing. One of the best oils for taking a bath, for massage, for use in a diffuser.
Caution: In rare cases, it may cause an allergy.
Lemon (Citrus limonum). Appreciated for the “clean smell”, has many healing properties.
Use in aromatherapy: lemon, like lemon oil, is a natural immunity enhancer, helps to reduce cellulite if anti-cellulite massage is applied, helps relieve headache, quickly improves mood. Use, a few drops, in the evaporator or diffuser to increase energy, during massage, in bath water.
Caution: In rare cases, it may cause an allergy in the form of a rash.
Application in aromatherapy: essential oil of marjoram is used to relieve anxiety and stress symptoms, fight fatigue and depression, relieve tension and hyperactivity. To combat insomnia, add a few drops into the water, taking a bath. It is used with a massage oil to relieve tension.
Attention: Marjoram oil should not be used during pregnancy.
Patchouli (Pogostemon cablin) is a dense essential oil.
Use in aromatherapy: patchouli oil is a powerful tool for skin care, helps to remove anxiety, depression, fatigue. Add a few drops to the bath or humidifier to relieve depression and anxiety, use with massage oils.
Attention: in spite of the fact that patchouli essential oil is not toxic, it is recommended to use it in small quantities.
Application in aromatherapy: peppermint oil improves mood, sharpens attention. It has a refreshing effect and is widely used to enhance mental activity. Used in evaporators, massage oils and lotions, baths.
Attention: one of the components of mint – menthol, can bother some people. It is recommended to keep it away from the eyes and do not use during pregnancy.
Rose oil is mainly targeted at women.
Use in aromatherapy: helps to relieve the symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Caution: do not use during pregnancy.
Rosemary (Memory Booster) – Rosemary oil is an excellent stimulant.
Application in aromatherapy: the stimulating properties of rosemary oil make it an ideal tool for improving memory, attention and overall brain performance. Essential oil of rosemary is added to the air humidifier, into massage oils and lotions, into the bath water.
Attention: people suffering from epilepsy and high blood pressure, as well as pregnant women should avoid using rosemary oil.
Sandalwood has a wonderful woody aroma.
Use in aromatherapy: used as a relaxing and soothing means. Sandalwood oil is mixed with massage oils, lotions, added to evaporators, used as incense. Aromalamp can also be a good solution.
Tea tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia) – is one of the most popular essential oils for aromatherapy.
Application in aromatherapy: a natural immune amplifier. Tea tree oil is used in humidifiers and for steam inhalations, mixed with massage oil, lotions and creams.
Caution: do not take internally and do not use around the eyes.
Ylang-ylang is an essential oil with a very strong aroma. Its sweetish flavor is great for relieving stress.
Use in aromatherapy: ylang-ylang oil is a very strong soothing agent. Use in evaporators and in a mixture with other lotions for massage, in bath water.
Attention: oil is not toxic, but excessive use of it can lead to headaches
It is important to remember that essential oils, if used improperly, can be hazardous to health.
Before using and using essential oils, incense, various homemade infusions, it is recommended to consult with a specialist.